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  • Date: 1-12-2020, 11:28

HATE SPEECH IN THE PARLAMENTARY ELECTION DISCOURSE OF KYRGYZSTAN

 1-12-2020, 11:28    Category: English, Reports & Researches, Media monitoring for hate speech


From July 15 to October 10, 2020, the experts of the School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in CA conducted the "Hate Speech in the Election Discourse of Kyrgyzstan” study with the support of the USAID-funded Media-K project and Internews in the Kyrgyz Republic.

To successfully counteract hate speech and discrimination during election campaigns, it is necessary to improve the culture of discussion and self-expression and create models for politically correct discourses in the public space and media sphere of Kyrgyzstan.

The package of recommendations and findings is provided in the final report of a series of studies on the multilingual monitoring, documentation, analysis, and examination of hate speech and trolling in discussions concerning pre-and post-election topics.

 

Diagram 1. Dynamics of detected hate speech over all seven periods of media monitoring, %

The researchers analyzed the trends and dynamics of hate speech detected in the selected online media and social media content. This content was classified by type, and the team identified ten prevailing trends and their causes in each period of media monitoring. Detailed analysis of these trends is provided in the final report.[1]


In their main findings, researchers noted:

- the lack of quality analytical information about political parties and their platforms and candidates in the media;

- the use of hate speech in relation to the most sensitive issues for the audience on the internet and in the public sphere;

- references to the ethnic and regional affiliations of candidates and their supporters;

- language intolerance in discussions about debates; and

- gender imbalances and hate speech directed at female candidates on social media.

During the study, researchers also recorded instances of trolling, flawed argumentation and identification, accusations toward political parties and their candidates of association with someone else, divisive language, and obscene and coarse language. These phenomena were also detected in visual content.

The experts emphasize that statements and quotes in the election discourse that contained xenophobia created a demand for xenophobic content among the audience, which was expressed in the form of intolerant comments in the forums under news items published online and on social media.

 

Diagram 2. Dynamics of trends by kinds of intolerance in media and online discussions in all periods, %

The researchers recommend that authorities:

- take the September 2020 UN Strategy and Plan of Action on Hate Speech into account when developing programs;[2]

- facilitate the speedy adoption of a comprehensive anti-discrimination law in the Kyrgyz Republic;

- develop multilingual models for debates among candidates and public officials;

- train speakers to avoid hate speech and intolerance during election campaigns.

 

The study authors also urge donor and other international agencies to support ongoing professional monitoring and humanitarian examinations of hate speech in public discourse as well as efforts to develop a new media culture that promotes awareness of non-discrimination in public space and the importance of counteracting hate speech and that supports freedom of expression.


The study’s key recommendations are directed toward journalists and the media. These recommendations focus on the need to update editorial standards, institute exit polls to promote alternative options and develop critical thinking in the audience, and establish rules for quoting speakers who use hate speech in their statements.

"Journalists need to raise public awareness of the language of aggression in the online environment and its impact. It is important to understand network etiquette in online discussions by training voters to perceive the information they have consumed critically,” the recommendations emphasize.

This research has been made possible by the support of the American people provided via the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in CA is responsible for the content of the publications, which does not necessarily reflect the opinion of USAID, the US Government, or Internews in the Kyrgyz Republic.

Download hereFinal_Media-Monitoring-Hate-Speech-Report_15_07_10_10_20_eng_FINAL.pdf [4.57 Mb] (Downloads: 1)

 

About the organization. The School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in Central Asia is an organization for the development of media, public relations, the promotion of freedom of expression, and fighting hate speech and discrimination in the mass media. This organization specializes in media research and expertise on online content; the language of intolerance in the media, the internet, and public discourse; developing media campaigns on sensitive topics; and training journalists, online content developers, and human rights defenders, including in conflict zones.

www.ca-mediators.net;

https://www.facebook.com/peacemakingS/;

peacemakingschool@gmail.com

 
 

 

 

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